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1. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS.

 

Household incubator IB-100 with a rotary device /hereinafter — “incubator”/ is intended for hatching chicken, duck, goose and other fowl in a household.

When purchasing an incubator it should be checked for operability by way of testing the indication of connection to the mains and the functioning of the heater (after 10-15 minutes of operation), for completeness and for the absence of mechanical damage.

Prior to connecting an incubator to the mains, please study carefully this operation manual and, first of all, the security measures.

ATTENTION! If an incubator has been subjected to negative temperature — it should be kept in room temperature for 2 hours before connecting it to the mains.

AN INCUBATOR SHOULD BE OPERATED IN ENCLOSED PREMISES AT THE TEMPERATURE OF 15 TO 25°C.

An incubator should not be exposed to direct sunrays.

The manufacturer retains the right to make modifications and modernizations to the design and electric scheme.

 2. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

 

Eggs capacity, pcs (using the rotary device / without using the rotary device):

Chicken eggs

Up to 85 / 120

Duck or turkey eggs

Up to 60 / 80

Goose eggs

Up to 50

Quail eggs

Up to 300

Eggs rotation

using a rotary device

Air exchange

natural

Humidity sustaining

free evaporation of water

Temperature adjustment range, °C

automatic

Accuracy of the automatic temperature sustaining, °C

36 - 40

Voltage, V

± 1,5

Supply voltage frequency, Hz

220 ± 22

Power consumption, W, not more than

50

Protection class (according to DSTU 3135.63)

60

Overall dimensions, mm, not more than

II

Length

800

Width

400

Height

300

Mass, kg, not more than

2,4

3. COMPLETE SET.

 

An incubator delivery set includes:

  

Cap

1 pc

Incubator case

1 pc

Rotary device

1 pc

Thermometer

1 pc

Napkin

1 pc

Passport

1 pc

Package

1 pc

 

 

4. SAFETY MEASURES.

 

WARNING! THERE IS LIFE-HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE INSIDE AN INCUBATOR!

 

Type of protecting a human from electric shock — class II.

 

When operating an incubator, observe the following fire prevention rules:

-   do not install an incubator near heating or warming devices, in the immediate vicinity of highly inflammable objects;

-   in case a malfunction is detected — disconnect an incubator from mains immediately.

 

A malfunctioning incubator should be repaired by the manufacturer’s corresponding specialist.

 

IT IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN:

 

- to operate a damaged incubator;

- to open an incubator cap while the cord is plugged in the mains socket;

- to disassemble a thermoregulator.

 

IT IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN TO OPERATE AN INCUBATOR IN THE PLACES WHERE WATER CAN GET ONTO THE CASE FROM OUTSIDE.


 

1. Incubator cap.

9. Spoke.

2. Incubator case.

10. Pan.

3. Temperature adjustment automat.

11. Egg.

4. Temperature adjustment screw.

12. Heater.

5. Lock nut.

13. Removable plate.

6. Plank.

14. Power supply cord.

7. Viewing window.

15. Removable handle.

8. Eggs rotary device.

16. Thermometer.

 

 

5. INCUBATOR DESIGN.

 

An incubator consists of cap 1 and base 2 (see the figure above) made of heat-insulating materials.

An incubator is ventilated via the natural air convection through the apertures in the cap and the base, and also through additional apertures in the cap with removable plugs.

The following items are located on a cap: heating temperature adjustment automat (3), temperature adjustment screw (4), lock nut (5), plank (6) with the inscription of screw (4) rotation for adjusting the heating level, viewing windows (7), two electrical heaters (12) and a power-on indicator (light-emitting diode). An incubator is connected to the mains via a flexible power supply cord with plug (14).

In the incubator base (2) there are four pans (10) for water.

On pans (10) there is removable plate (13) with the corners with spokes (9) fixed thereon.

On the grid there is eggs rotary device (8) which is a movable net that goes through slots in the end walls of base (2). The net is equipped with removable handles used to facilitate its movement to the right (left).


6. PREPARATION FOR OPERATION.

 

Unpack the incubator and its component parts.

An incubator should be operated in well-ventilated premises at the temperature of 15 - 25°C; it is installed onto a table or a rack not lower than 500 mm from the floor level away from heating systems and devices, as well as away from open windows. An incubator case should not be subject to sunrays.

Fill the pans with water. In the corners of the removable plate there are additional apertures for spokes used for setting the optimal distance between the spokes depending on the eggs size. Cover the incubator with the cap. Install thermometer (16) in the aperture in the cap so that its nose aligns with the eggs top. Switch on the incubator — the power-on indicator will light up. In about 30 minutes the incubator will gain the average temperature of 38°C (factory set).

Check the temperature by the thermometer readings and, if it differs from 38°C, turn the adjustment screw: to increase the temperature — counterclockwise, to decrease the temperature — clockwise.

Next adjustment of temperature may be performed in 15 minutes after the incubator power-on.

After the temperature of 38°C is reached, fix the screw with a nut and make sure that in an hour of the incubator operation the temperature remained unchanged.

Attention! Do not allow the temperature inside the incubator to exceed 42°C (even temporarily). It may lead to the breakdown of the heater diaphragm and unit.

The incubator is ready for operation.

 

 

7. OPERATION ORDER.

 

The results of incubation depend on the chicken breed, the quality of the eggs and the quality of the fowl nutrition. If the ration of hens or cocks lacks nutrients, vitamins, microelements — the yield of chicks is lower.

 

The incubation process should be preceded by the selection of eggs for incubation. For incubation purposes use only fresh eggs of 2-3 days of storage. If it is necessary to store eggs for a longer period of time, it should be done at the temperature of 8 - 15°C and the relative humidity of 75 - 80°C with sufficient air exchange. The maximum term for storing chicken and turkey eggs is 6 days, duck eggs — 8 days, goose eggs — 10 days. For incubation purposes select the eggs of regular form, with smooth shell bearing no traces of defects; the yolk should have no clear cut boundaries and should be located in the center of an egg. The air chamber should be in the blunt end of an egg. Do not wash the incubated eggs. The mass of the incubated eggs should be as follows: chicken eggs — 50-60 g, duck and turkey eggs — 70-90 g, goose eggs — 120-140 g.

 

Having prepared the incubator for operation according to paragraph 6, unplug the power supply cord from the mains socket and remove the cap.

 

SET THE EGGS.

 

Lay the eggs, selected for incubation, on the rotary device net between the spokes with the bigger side along the spokes. One of the rotary device net handles should be thrust closely to the incubator side wall.


The thermometer barrel should not contact the eggs. During the incubation process, turn the eggs 180° and perform air exchange (for waterfowl the sprinkling is also necessary). The rotation is performed by way of moving the rotary device net along the incubator case holding it by one of the two handles.

To facilitate the process of eggs rotation, mark one side of the eggs with the soft slate pencil of one colour, and the opposite side — with another colour. Regularly, at each inspection, change the eggs' places by way of putting the side ones to the centre, so that the heating is even.

After setting the eggs, cover the incubator with a cap and connect it to the mains via the power supply cord. If the temperature differs from the set one in 4 - 5 hours after the loaded incubator is switched on — perform additional adjustment of the temperature.

In the initial period of incubation the ventilation apertures should be closed.

In the middle period of incubation remove the plugs from a half of the ventilation apertures on the cap.

In the hatching period all the plugs should be removed.

Check, at regular intervals, the presence of water in the incubator case pans, pour warm water if necessary. Check the air humidity in the incubator. Check the temperature is the windows get perspired: if the temperature regime is within the set norms — open the plastic plugs and put them back only after the perspiration is gone. The plugs should be removed in two days before the chicks hatch.

Sustaining optimal humidity in an incubator increases the quantity of healthy chicks hatched. The recommended humidity for chicken eggs is 50-55%, and in two days before hatching — 65-70%.

The average air temperature in the eggs compartment should be 38°C. The embryo development is endangered if the temperature is out of the range of 36,1 - 39,4°C.

In case of electricity supply shortage, close all the incubator viewing windows with heat-insulating material, keep the ventilation apertures open. If the electricity shortages are frequent, do not remove the insulation material pieces. If the electricity is off for more than 5 hours — attach the hot-water heaters onto each viewing window (the water temperature should be over +65°C) and do not cover the ventilation apertures. In such a case check the temperature inside the incubator more often.

The eggs should be inspected with the use of an ovoscope. The dead eggs and black rots should be regularly taken out.

 

 

Eggs inspection (days)

 

 

I

II

III

Chicken

6.5 - 7

10.5 - 11

18 - 18.5

Duck, turkey

8 - 8.5

13 - 13.5

24 - 24.5

Muscovy Duck

10

17

30

Light breed goose

9

14

27.5

Heavy breed goose

10

15

28.5

 


Incubation regime for chicken eggs

 

Incubation days

Temperature, °C

Eggs rotation

Chilling

Humidity

1 … 6

38,5

2 - 3 times a day

Do not chill